Guanacaste is the one of the largest costarican provinces, though less populated. The province covers 10.141 km2 and its population is about 265.000 people.
Originally part of Nicaraguan territory. The 25th of July 1824 Guanacaste was connected to Costa Rica.
Guanacaste is situated in the northwestern part of the country, along the Pacific Ocean and it borders Nicaragua in the north.
Guanacaste's capital town is Liberia (called also Ciudad Blanca = White City).
Name of Guanacaste comes from the name of costarican national tree - Guanacaste (Enterolobium cyclocarpum).
Guanacaste is very diverse province, at the northern part you will find a range of volcanoes with humid and cloud forests on their slopes, while south of them you find extend flatlands - savannah with typical tropical dry forest vegetation.
Tropical dry forest is in more danger of extintion then its more popular brother - tropical rain forest. The scientists estimate that there aonly 2% survived of the original world size of tropical dry forests. The main reason for that is that this dry climate which offers is ideal for living and farming - so most of it was cut down to make space for extense farmlands and towns.
The main Guanacaste atractions are: Rincon de la Vieja National Park, Santa Rosa National Park, Guanacaste National Park, Palo Verde National Park, Barra Honda National Park, Volcano Tenorio National Park, Volcano Miravalles and of course charming pacific coast sandy beaches.
Guanacaste has also some very beautiful hidden secrets - scientifically worldwide known wetlands with thousands of migrating birds every year, migrating whales and giant sea turtles coming to ley their eggs there.